Effects of overpopulation essays

Because people had a tendency to use the abundance of food to support larger families and thus a larger population rather than to maintain an improved standard of living. When population outstripped increased food production, bad things were bound to happen. As long as the balance between food production and population was maintained, things would be fine.

But what would happen when they fell too far out of balance?

The Preventive Check would come into play when a population crisis was created by overconsumption of food resources. Because humans are uniquely capable of responding rationally to such a crisis, their best move would be to forgo childbearing until the balance between population and available food resources was restored. Or maybe not. Put another way, if too many humans were coming into the world, then more of them would have to depart into the not-so-sweet hereafter sooner rather than later to mitigate the consequences of overpopulation.

Of course, Malthus lived almost two centuries before remarkable advances in agricultural production such as the Green Revolution of the late 20th century. These great leaps forward in food production have supported a massive increase in global population along with an undeniably improved average standard of living worldwide. Well, hold your horses. During the lifetime of the Reverend Mr. Fueled by coal and, later, petroleum, previously unimaginable industries, transportation systems, international trade, and jobs jobs jobs sprang up like weeds in a fallow field.

Population growth was no longer a problem to be restrained but, rather, a necessary foundation for national and international economic growth. And wow, did the population multiply. Not as fast as Malthus imagined, but plenty fast enough to provide the needed workers to build the promised land of prosperity — if only we could figure out how to distribute the benefits evenly around the world. Legions of good people are hard at work on that challenge today, as well they should be.


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But what no one understood as humankind embarked on rapid industrialization was that the byproducts of the fossil fuels that powered the factories, the transportation, and the electrical grids were insidiously rising into the atmosphere. Soon enough, cities like London, Frankfurt, and Pittsburgh were choked with smog, but worse was what could not be seen, smelled, or yet understood: greenhouse gases collecting and expanding around the planet. Before the Industrial Revolution, nature itself set effective limits on population growth.

When people consumed more food than could be produced reliably, their numbers dwindled.

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Causes of overpopulation essays

But with advances in producing, obtaining, and distributing food, we have run through the barriers that nature used to erect to keep our population in check. Worse still, through global warming we have set in motion processes that are beginning to wreak environmental havoc on our one-and-only home planet and its ability to sustain us. Our success has put our world. Malthus had it right long before his warnings became a global reality.

In just a few hundred years, as previously noted, carbon dioxide in the atmosphere has rapidly risen to levels not seen in three million years! We are no longer wondering when we might begin to experience the effects of climate change — they are already happening. We see it in the frequency and intensity of major storms, unprecedented rainfall in some areas and desertification in others, dying coral reefs, the retreat of glaciers, huge chunks of ice breaking free of Antarctica, and rising seas.

And, all the while, approximately So, the United Nations must be working assiduously to get the word out about the relationships among overpopulation, economic development, resource depletion, and climate change, right? Uh, not exactly. The U. But, alas, we have only one Earth. It is true that around the world people are making serious efforts to reduce consumption and environmental degradation.

More power to them. Today there are effective medicines which can increases the chance of conception and lead to rise in birth rate. Moreover, due to modern techniques pregnancies today are far more safer. Immigration : Many people prefer to move to developed countries like US, UK, Canada and Australia where best facilities are available in terms of medical, education, security and employment. The end result is that those people settle over there and those places become overcrowded.

The effects of overpopulation or industrialization on the environment

Difference between the number of people who are leaving the country and the number of people who enter narrows down which leads to more demand for food, clothes, energy and homes. This gives rise to shortage of resources. Though the overall population remains the same, it just affects the density of population making that place simply overcrowded. Lack of Family Planning : Most developing nations have large number of people who are illiterate, live below the poverty line and have little or no knowledge about family planning. Getting their children married at an early age increase the chances of producing more kids.

Overpopulation: Causes, Effects and Solutions - Conserve Energy Future

Those people are unable to understand the harmful effects of overpopulation and lack of quality education prompts them to avoid family planning measures. Depletion of Natural Resources: The effects of overpopulation are quite severe. The first of these is the depletion of resources. The Earth can only produce a limited amount of water and food, which is falling short of the current needs. Most of the environmental damage being seen in the last fifty odd years is because of the growing number of people on the planet. They are cutting down forests , hunting wildlife in a reckless manner, causing pollution and creating a host of problems.

Those engaged in talking about overpopulation have noticed that acts of violence and aggression outside of a war zone have increased tremendously while competing for resources. Degradation of Environment : With the overuse of coal, oil and natural gas, it has started producing some serious effects on our environment. Rise in the number of vehicles and industries have badly affected the quality of air. Rise in amount of CO2 emissions leads to global warming. Melting of polar ice caps, changing climate patterns , rise in sea level are few of the consequences that we might we have to face due to environment pollution.

Conflicts and Wars: Overpopulation in developing countries puts a major strain on the resources it should be utilizing for development.

Essay about causes of overpopulation

Conflicts over water are becoming a source of tension between countries, which could result in wars. It causes more diseases to spread and makes them harder to control. Starvation is a huge issue facing the world and the mortality rate for children is being fuelled by it.


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Poverty is the biggest hallmark we see when talking about overpopulation. All of this will only become worse if solutions are not sought out for the factors affecting our population. We can no longer prevent it, but there are ways to control it.


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  5. Rise in Unemployment : When a country becomes overpopulated, it gives rise to unemployment as there fewer jobs to support large number of people. Rise in unemployment gives rise to crime as people will steal various items to feed their family and provide them basic amenities of life. High Cost of Living : As difference between demand and supply continues to expand due to overpopulation, it raises the prices of various commodities including food, shelter and healthcare.

    This means that people have to pay more to survive and feed their families.

    Over Population English Essay

    Better Education: One of the first measures is to implement policies reflecting social change. Educating the masses helps them understand the need to have one or two children at the most. Families that are facing a hard life and choose to have four or five children should be discouraged. Family planning and efficient birth control can help in women making their own reproductive choices.

    Open dialogue on abortion and voluntary sterilization should be seen when talking about overpopulation. Making People Aware of Family Planning : As population of this world is growing at a rapid pace, raising awareness among people regarding family planning and letting them know about serious after effects of overpopulation can help curb population growth. One of the best way is to let them know about various safe sex techniques and contraceptives methods available to avoid any unwanted pregnancy.